THE AUSTRALIANS AND NEW
ZEALANDERS IN GALLIPOLI
THE LONE PINE MEMORIAL
This is a recent photograph
of the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli.
Any mention of Gallipoli must
include the enormous contribution made by the Australian and New Zealand Force. The
fighting qualities of the Royal Naval Division during the Great War were highly regarded.
The same held true for the Anzacs and the 51st Highland Brigade. Accordingly,
the action at Lone Pine beginning on 6th August 1915 has been selected as it
was here that no less than seven Victoria Crosses were awarded for gallantry. The
photograph of the Lone Pine Memorial shows the name of one of those recipients-Captain Alfred John Shout of
the 1st Bn. (NSW) Australian Imperial Force who was born in New Zealand in 1882
and was killed in action at Lone Pine on 9th August.
To assist in the attack an
Australian Tunnelling Company had constructed a tunnel which led out beyond the front
line. All that had to be done to allow the attackers to go forward was the removal of a
few sandbags at the mouth of the tunnel.
So enthusiastic were the
Anzacs to take part in this attack that it was almost embarrassing. Precautions had to be
taken to stop men who had not been detailed for the action from going up to the front
lines. Reserve troops could be seen waiting in long lines for a chance to take the place
of those detailed for the attack. Sums up to £5.00 were being offered, and offered in
vain, by men employed in the rear areas to take the place of friends going forward.
Reaching the Turkish trenches
the Australians discovered that the Turks had covered their trenches with roof timbers.
Intense hand to hand fighting took place but it was not until the 12th August
that the Australians were able to consolidate and hold the line.
It was during this fighting,
on the 9th August, that Captain Shout was wounded whilst capturing and bombing
several Turkish trenches under very heavy fire. He died soon afterwards. He has no known
grave and he is commemorated on the panels of this memorial.
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