THE AUSTRALIANS AND NEW ZEALANDERS IN GALLIPOLI

THE LONE PINE MEMORIAL

This is a recent photograph of the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli.

Any mention of Gallipoli must include the enormous contribution made by the Australian and New Zealand Force. The fighting qualities of the Royal Naval Division during the Great War were highly regarded. The same held true for the Anzacs and the 51st Highland Brigade. Accordingly, the action at Lone Pine beginning on 6th August 1915 has been selected as it was here that no less than seven Victoria Crosses were awarded for gallantry. The photograph of the Lone Pine Memorial shows the name of one of those recipients-Captain Alfred John Shout of the 1st Bn. (NSW) Australian Imperial Force who was born in New Zealand in 1882 and was killed in action at Lone Pine on 9th August.

To assist in the attack an Australian Tunnelling Company had constructed a tunnel which led out beyond the front line. All that had to be done to allow the attackers to go forward was the removal of a few sandbags at the mouth of the tunnel.

So enthusiastic were the Anzacs to take part in this attack that it was almost embarrassing. Precautions had to be taken to stop men who had not been detailed for the action from going up to the front lines. Reserve troops could be seen waiting in long lines for a chance to take the place of those detailed for the attack. Sums up to 5.00 were being offered, and offered in vain, by men employed in the rear areas to take the place of friends going forward.

Reaching the Turkish trenches the Australians discovered that the Turks had covered their trenches with roof timbers. Intense hand to hand fighting took place but it was not until the 12th August that the Australians were able to consolidate and hold the line.

It was during this fighting, on the 9th August, that Captain Shout was wounded whilst capturing and bombing several Turkish trenches under very heavy fire. He died soon afterwards. He has no known grave and he is commemorated on the panels of this memorial.

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